Internship: Internal Medicine, 1981-82, Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona.
Residency: Psychiatry, 1982-84, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.
Medical Director, San Diego Health Alliance outpatient addiction clinics, 1982-1985.
Emergency Room Physician, Hillside Hospital, San Diego, California, 1983-85.
Chief Resident, 1984-85, U.C.S.D. Medical Center, San Diego, California.
Training and supervision with Habib Davanloo, Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy, 1984-86.
Chief of Medical Staff, Mesa Vista Hospital, 1993-94.
President, San Diego Psychiatric Society, 1994-95.
Editorial Advisor, Drug Abuse and Alcoholism Newsletter, with Marc Schuckit, M.D., 1995-98.
Member, Board of Directors, Vista Hill Foundation, 1994-1998
Medical Director, Sharp McDonald Center, (formerly Vista Pacifica Hospital) 1989- 2012
San Diego Representative, American Psychiatric Association National Assembly, 2009-2013
President, San Diego Psych-Law Society, 2012 - 2014
Medical Director, RecoveryWorks Alcohol and Addiction Recovery Treatment Center, 2012- 2018
Medical Director, Restore Detox Centers, 2017 - 2019