Washington law defines an industrial injury as “a sudden and tangible happening, of a traumatic nature, producing an immediate or prompt result, and occurring from without, and such physical conditions as result therefrom.”
That definition is admittedly a mouthful. Look at these significant decisions by the Board of Industrial Insurance Appeals to break down what it means.
Significant decision No. 1: In re Kenneth Heimbecker, BIIA Dec., 41, 998 (1975)
- Legal issue: What is required to establish an “injury” within the meaning of the Industrial Insurance Act, as defined by RCW 51.08.100?
- Key point: An injury requires (1) a tangible happening or incident and (2) a resulting physical condition that (3) is connected to the event by medical testimony. Not every work incident rises to the level of an industrial injury.
Significant decision No. 2: In re Renford Gallier, BIIA Dec., 89 3109 (1990)
- Legal issue: Does repetitive lifting over a two-hour period satisfy the “sudden and tangible happening” requirement of an industrial injury?
- Key point: Yes, depending on the factual circumstances. A physical condition stemming from a short period of activity may satisfy the “sudden and tangible happening” requirement for an industrial injury, so long as causation is established.
Significant decision No. 3: In re Daniel Ramos, BIIA Dec., 91 6906 (1993)
- Legal issue: Can termination from employment be construed as an industrial injury to support an industrial mental health condition?
- Key point: In this case, no: Events leading to termination occurred over a six-month period and claimant’s termination was not traumatic. As such, it was not sudden or traumatic and thus there was no industrial injury. (Stress claims are not allowed as an occupational disease pursuant to RCW 51.08.142 absent certain circumstances involving firefighters, but stress claims can be allowed as an industrial injury pursuant to WAC 296-14-300(2).)
Significant decision No. 4: In re Soledad Pineda, BIIA Dec., 08 19297 (2010)
- Legal issue: Does an industrial event constitute a “new” industrial injury or is it a continuation from a prior industrial injury?
- Key point: The focus is on whether a qualifying event (i.e., industrial injury) occurred. The fact that preexisting infirmities were also a cause of the industrial injury does not defeat a claim for benefits.
Significant decision No. 5: In re Philip Carstens, Jr., BIIA Dec., 89 0723 (1990)
- Legal issue: Can a normal bodily function (i.e., eating candy at work and sustaining a tooth injury) qualify as an industrial injury?
- Key point: Yes. A normal bodily function that does not cause a worker to leave the course of employment can qualify as an industrial injury.
Sara Wong is a litigation attorney in Reinisch Wilson Weier PC's Washington practice group for workers’ compensation defense. This column is republished with permission from the firm's website.